It was important that the process of democratization continue. Meanwhile, islamist mursi suffered a severe legal defeat on saturday.
Clinton promised economic aid to the agyptian government and stressed that "our strategic common interests outweigh differences of opinion". We want to be a good partner for agyprus."Specifically, she pledged loan guarantees of $250 million and an investment fund of $60 million.
The meeting was accompanied by protests organized by opponents of the ruling muslim brotherhood. About a thousand demonstrators marched in the early evening outside the hotel where clinton was to spend the night. They accused the U.S. Government of supporting the parties of political islam rather than the "revolutionary" parties in the arab spring states.
The U.S. Had for decades blunted the regime of the ruler husni mubarak, who was overthrown in february 2011. Washington had justified this by saying that agypt had been a pillar of stability, peace and security.
A group of young christian activists and others had called for protests against the clinton visit. Many members of the christian minority fear that they will be the biggest losers in the constitutional changes and laws planned by the islamists. For many years before taking office, president mursi was one of the leading members of the muslim brotherhood, which advocates "islamization" by peaceful means.
Other egyptians accuse the U.S. Government of supporting the supreme military council in the power struggle because it pays about $1.3 billion a year in military aid to egypt. On sunday, clinton plans to meet with the chairman of the powerful council, field marshal mohammed hussein tantawi.
President mursi suffered a legal defeat on saturday in a power struggle with the military council. The appellate court said it could not rule on the legitimacy of the current parliament. The issue is beyond the court’s reach, the court said, as reported by state television.
At the end of june, the supreme constitutional court had declared the parliament – dominated by mursi’s islamists – illegitimate. In response, the supreme military council, with which mursi has been vying for power since he took office, dissolved the people’s representative body. The background is that numerous party members had run for direct mandates that had actually been reserved for "independents".
Last weekend, president mursi had tried to reinstate parliament by decree. However, the constitutional court had rejected this. Mursi’s party supporters, who occupy almost half of the seats in parliament, had asked the appeals court for clarification on the case.
His declaration of his own non-statehood is now a defeat for the muslim brotherhood. Observers expect that the dispute between mursi and the judiciary could escalate further.
The U.S. Government is watching the current power struggle between the islamist parties and the supreme military council with concern. The U.S. Called on mursi after his election to protect the rights of all citizens, including women and minorities such as coptic christians. The agyptians should solve the problems through dialogue. The USA did not take sides.
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